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Architectural-Historical Reserve Nessebar

Architectural-Historical Reserve Nessebar is located in the Old Town and is a peninsula, long about 850 m. And 350 m wide. The old town was declared an architectural and historical reserve with a decree № 243 of the Council of Ministers on 18.07.1956 In 1983, UNESCO included it in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Nessebar is one of the most ancient cities in Europe, founded 3200 years ago. In antiquity, the city is called Mesambria Mesemvria in the Middle Ages, and later – Nessebar. For centuries-old history of the Old Nessebar archaeological sites have witnessed. Most of them can be seen in the Archaeological Museum of Nessebar, which is located at the beginning of the peninsula. In separate rooms of the museum is traced existence of the city at the time of the Thracians, the Roman and Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian state. Throughout its existence, the city has always been surrounded by walls, the remains of which are preserved. The first walls were built by the Thracians in the VIII century BC, then in the V century BC Greek colonizers also build fortifications. After the Romans conquered Mesemvria also used the fortress walls. The period during which […]

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Thracian Ancient Tomb of Pomorie

Ancient tomb of Pomorie is located west of the town of Pomorie, near the road Pomorie – Burgas. The tomb dates back to the II – III c. AD. Hr. It is believed that it served zaheroon (mausoleum) of a rich Anhialo family, which have performed religious pagan rituals. The tomb consists of a corridor (dromos) with a length of 22 meters and a circular chamber with a diameter of 11.60 meters and a height of 5.50 meters. It is built of stone and bricks. The tomb is vaulted with a semi-cylindrical vault in the center of which is a hollow column with a diameter of 3.30 meters, which extends upward and merges with the outer wall. On the inside wall of the hollow column was winding stone staircase, which is removal of the surface of the mound. In the circular wall of the tomb has five niches in which were placed urns of the deceased. It is assumed that the walls were painted, but today visitors can see only traces of green plaster. The tomb is unique in the Balkans. Architecture and construction; her today impress with perfect execution. Many architects from around the world study the tomb to […]

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Archeological museum Nesebar

A visit to the museum starts with the lobby where is exposed the certificate of registration of the old town in the list of monuments of world heritage of UNESCO on December 9, 1983 The museum has four rooms that chronologically track the development of the city through various historical eras. The first hall is called “Messambria and the Thracians” and in it are exposed remains of bits of ancient Thracians – pottery with relief ornaments IX – VI century BC., Finds of stone anchors dating from the XII – IX in. BC The room is exposed and decree of III century BC. in honor of the Thracian dynast WADA. Among the exhibits is the treasure of silver coins – tetradrachms, and tombstone from II c. AD In the second room of the museum – “Pontic Mesambria polis” – are laid open in the necropolis of Messambria four very rare hydrate (bronze vessels). They were used for funeral urns and below their vertical handles depicts a story from Greek mythology. Visitors can see more of the statue of Apollo, the torso of a statue of the god Heracles statue of the goddess of fortune Tyche, dating from the IV century […]

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Museum Ancient Nessebar – Nessebar

Ancient Nessebar Museum includes objects of architectural reserve Nessebar, which are available for tourists. These are the churches “Sveti Stefan” and “Sveti Spas” and two museums – Archeological and Ethnographic. Nessebar is a town with ancient history. Numerous archaeological finds prove its existence back more than 3,000 years. The four halls of the Archaeological Museum tell the story of the city. There can be considered findings from all historical periods – ornaments, gravestones, stone statues. After Christianity became the official religion of the Byzantine Empire, the city began massive construction of Christian churches even believe that once their number has reached 40 or more. The period of XI – XIII century. Church “Sveti Stefan” New Metropolia. The plan is a three-nave basilica, built of stone and bricks. The church was painted in 1599, and in it are depicted over 1000 figures in 258 compositions. Are depicted scenes from the miracles of Christ. The church preserves an original-style painted iconostasis from the late sixteenth century. And carved bishop’s throne and pulpit from the late eighteenth century. The church is not functioning and has been turned into a museum. Located near the amphitheater of Nessebar. The church “St. Spas” is also a […]

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